I am, as a professional sailor, a strong advocate for safety at sea and I know when I join teams, we talk through the worst case scenarios, procedures and actions. We identify locations of safety equipment and talk about the rules for the yacht we are sailing. It is then common practise to perform a Man Overboard.  In all honesty, our practice of such a manoeuvre is in a very controlled environment, but, by the very fact it is being practised allows the crew to go through the process, understand what their role is and how to deal with it.

My recent experience in an offshore race was from the position of the man overboard. Something you hope you will never be, and I never imagined I would be. The end result is a happy one, I came back onboard but this does allow me to speak of the incident from my perspective which is very unusual.  I believe it is important to share my experience so that it can help highlight areas for discussion and lessons that can be learnt. 

The rule on the boat I was sailing was to wear a lifejacket when on deck and always clip on with your tether at night. At the time of the incident, I was not clipped on with my tether. I was wearing my Spinlock Vito Deckvest with a tether attached around my waist. In my lifejacket was an Ocean Signal MOB1 AIS unit that we had registered with the vessel before the start of the race. 

The night was dark, with no moon and low cloud cover. The water was approximately 13 degrees celsuis and winds were gusting up to 30 knots. Boat speed was averaging between 16 to 22 knots and we were sailing downwind with the A4 spinnaker and a full mainsail, all pretty good for a Santa Cruz 50.

I was wearing my boots, a base layer, foul weather trousers and a mid-layer jacket. The sea state was messy. There were some big waves, we were accelerating on the surf of some of them, but sometimes they would catch us at a different angle and roll us the wrong way. I was trimming the spinnaker. The sheet went from the primary winch round a winch handle as a turning sheave to the weather side where I sat with my feet in the cockpit and my bottom on the combing of the high side. Being sat in the cockpit gave me a feeling of security. It had been a bit rock and roll in motion and we had four people on watch. Four people down below off watch and navigator out of the watch system, sat at the chart table.

It was approaching midnight and we were in the process of a watch change with two people from the deck changing with two people from below. The extra people were sat in the cockpit and the navigator had just come to the companion way hatch as the incident took place.

We had a wave that knocked us into a big windward roll, I remember reaching out to the lifelines behind me to brace myself. As we came out of that windward roll, we started to heel the opposite way and the boat began to broach.

I was easing the spinnaker as smoothly as possible to avoid an override and to help the helm gain control and ensure they could bear away again. As the boat continued to heel, I remember not having anywhere to place my foot to leeward to brace myself. It was then that I felt myself falling.

I assumed I would land on the leeward side deck with my back against the lifelines. Instead I had cleared the lifelines and the next thing I knew I was viewing the boat and all the action from about 20 feet away in the water. It felt as if this was an out of body experience and happening in slow motion. I could see the main flogging and the spinnaker flapping and people looking to drop the front sail to get the boat under control. The noise from the sails flapping and from the water around me prevented me hearing any voices.

I wanted to shout out to let them know where I was and that I was okay, but I was being pulled through the water by the spinnaker sheet that I was still holding onto. Periodically my head would be pulled under the water and I realised that I was ingesting some sea water and that I needed to make sure I took breaths when possible so I could keep my mouth shut when under water. I then was able to take in my surroundings. My Spinlock Vito Deckvest had inflated and was keeping me buoyant; it was just the speed of the boat pulling me as I held onto the spinnaker sheet that was pulling me under the surface of the water. It was at this time I realised this must be the moment people choose to stop holding on. To let go and float and wait for the boat to return. In my mind, I had no such thoughts, we were racing, I had caused an incident by being in the water and the quicker I could get back, the quicker we could be on our way. I was embarrassed for being in the water. I was annoyed with myself and frustrated that I was the cause of concern and panic for the rest of the crew. 

I knew I had to try and get back to the boat myself. I considered pulling myself along the spinnaker sheet and realised that it was not possible. The boat had slowed down but it was still too much force to pull against and then I would risk losing my grip. So, I decided to try and kick for the aft quarter of the yacht. At the same time, I was flailing my legs around to try and move in the water, the crew onboard were dropping the spinnaker and driving the boat head to wind to slow down. This action facilitated my movement towards the back of the boat. Here, I was able to grab the aft stanchion of the pushpit and I saw a familiar face of one of the crew. A firm hold was put on me and I was asked if I was okay. We rotated so I had my back to the boat to allow my face to be away from any water, and both of us retained our firm holds.

I reassured the crew member I was uninjured, and I was keen to get back on the boat. It was a surprise to me how incapacitated you become in the water with an inflated lifejacket. I had really restricted vision due to the inflated bladder of the lifejacket. I was heavy due to my boots and clothes full of water, and a little out of breath from the shock of my surprise swim. The reality is at this stage you just need to be patient. You are the casualty and you need to remain calm and compliant with any instructions you are given. There is very little you can do to help yourself without assistance from the crew onboard.

Once the spinnaker was secured down the forward hatch the crew came aft and recovered me from the water. I could sense the relief from those around me and this heightened my embarrassment. Once sat on the aft deck I could deflate my lifejacket to allow me more manoeuvrability and finally turn my AIS beacon off. This was strobing really brightly, obscuring my night vision and also causing a lot of noise on our DSC VHF that my unit had been programmed to. All exactly as you want it to.

I went below, the boat started sailing again and I changed out of my wet clothes. Looking at the electronic chart, I was recovered in 4 minutes. We recovered the spinnaker with no damage and only a halyard out of the mast that would need to be re-led. I was back up on deck by 0100hrs to finish the final hour of my watch.

I was surprised how calm I felt, but I had always been attached to the boat and was confident that I would be recovered back onboard. For the crew, they were busy getting the boat and sails under control and many of them were unaware of the proximity of my location. 

It took a little while for us to re-hoist appropriate sails to get racing again. I was acutely aware that while I was on deck, no-one really spoke of the incident, but once I went off watch I could hear everyone talking through what happened. I knew then it was important that this was discussed. The fault lay purely with me for not being clipped on by my tether, but when things go wrong it happens quickly. I praise the crew for their actions and the speed of recovery, and when debriefed we were able to look at what can be improved. 

Fuelled by adrenalin I was not cold or hurt. Three hours later when I next came on deck for a sail change, I was cold, and I was aching all over. A hot cup of tea and some pain killers and life was good again. We finished the race at 0730hrs, and I was grateful to be able to wash and dry my kit and nurse my aches and pains before starting the next race two days later.

Dee Caffari

British yachtswoman Dee Caffari is the first woman to have sailed single-handed and non-stop around the world in both directions and the only woman to have sailed non-stop around the world three times. In 2006 Dee became the first woman to sail solo, non-stop, around the world against the prevailing winds and currents and was awarded an MBE in recognition of her achievement.


  1. […] Last year, Dee completed the Volvo Ocean Race skippering Turn the Tide on Plastic – the second time she has led a crew around the world. In 2006, she became the first woman to sail solo round the world against the prevailing winds and currents and was awarded the MBE in recognition of this achievement. Visit Dee’s website at https://www.deecaffari.co.uk or see her Facebook page for more information. For Dee’s full account of the man overboard incident, see here. […]

  2. Whilst I understand your situation (racing) is quite different to ours (cruising) there’s always lessons to be learned. Appreciate the detailed and honest account. Thank god for that crew! Peace and fair winds.

  3. […] Last year, Dee completed the Volvo Ocean Race skippering Turn the Tide on Plastic – the second time she has led a crew around the world. In 2006, she became the first woman to sail solo round the world against the prevailing winds and currents and was awarded the MBE in recognition of this achievement. Visit Dee’s website at https://www.deecaffari.co.uk or see her Facebook page for more information. For Dee’s full account of the man overboard incident, see here. […]

  4. Dee, I am so relieved you are ok and those 4 minutes must have seemed much longer I suspect. I raced a lot offshore back in the IOR days and I look back and reflect we never wore life jackets at all and only put harnesses on at night or very bad weather. Often we slept on the rail with our tethers, head under the top lifeline. Thankfully I never sailed on a boat that lost a person overboard but certainly we had some close calls and the fact we practiced drill I hope would mean we would have recovered anyone. There was no AIS or GPS then so it is a relief to know that technology gives us some better safety margins but it is still better not to go in at all. Thanks for sharing this experience, the life jackets, noise and strobe are all things you would not think about until you are faced with them. Andy UK

  5. Thank You so very much for telling us all your experience overboard!!! We will keep all of this in our minds as we sail at night racing or not. Keep Tethered to the boat at any station you are at!! So Glad it turned out the way it did!!! 🙂

  6. Good to hear of the positive outcome of this incident.
    As an RYA YMI & Examiner it’s good to hear a professional talking about the importance of MOB drills and practice recovery of the casualty.
    So many can learn from this.

  7. Very useful detailed account thank you . I a.ways wonder about what would happen if I went overboard and dragged along by my tether with the boat still sailing at four or five knots as a solo sailor .

  8. Thank you for sharing this Dee. I too went overboard at night in the middle of the Pacific Ocean whilst trying to douse our parasailor during a squall. Similarly, the fault was totally mine for not being clipped on – the first and only time I have ever gone forward at night without clipping on. Luckily, my awesome partner halted the boat and rescued me within a matter of minutes, but it was a very sobering lesson.

  9. A great relief that you are safe. You were wearing good MOB aids and had a strong crew to retrieve you.
    It is all too easy to become over-confident in one’s own ability and believe that one will never become a MOB, ‘it will happen to someone else’ I am guilty of believing this and, after reading your report, I shall try harder always to remember to clip on at night – even if the boat is barely heeling and coasting along under self-steering in a gentle breeze…

  10. I see racing overcome seamanship.
    Conditions dictated a reefed main and poled out headsail with the sea state.
    Not clipped on? Only thing that saved this disaster was holding on to the spinnaker sheet.
    Even after “the crew” saw someone hanging on to the back of the boat, they continued to secure the (valuable?), spinnaker below before assisting the MOB on board?
    All on board would have known disaster was just a matter of time as the night wore on.
    On this boat, with the same crew and mindset, the same will happen again.

  11. Brilliant article. I am pleased that the outcome was such that no injury to yourself or others occurred. I am also most impressed by the candid nature that you describe the events and your train of thought throughout.

    Clearly in those conditions and at night and with the environmental factors of cold water and sea state, four minutes would have felt a lot longer. The consequence of you becoming seperated from the vessel and having to rely on the crew to return to your position and retrieve you would have been much more complex and time consuming I imagine.

    In terms of SOP’s regarding the wearing of tethers, whilst this was briefed, electing not to wear one was never challenged by other crew members as falling outside of agreed procedures?

    Not wearing a tether was due to the practical limitations of clipping on and the restriction in movement or was it an omission from what you would normal do due to the implied safety of the cockpit?

    If you had been wearing a 2m tether and gone overboard and had been towed behind the boat, how do you think this would have played out?

    Your preparation prior to this incident would have included many MOB drills and numerous sea survival training courses, I wonder how those skills affected the outcome?

    It takes courage to share your experiences and I applaud you for that.

    Debriefing events should be equally as important as briefing them in the first place.

    Rich Selby

    ex Superyacht Captain, Currently SAR crewman and pilot

  12. […] Last year, Dee completed the Volvo Ocean Race skippering Turn the Tide on Plastic – the second time she has led a crew around the world. In 2006, she became the first woman to sail solo round the world against the prevailing winds and currents and was awarded the MBE in recognition of this achievement. Visit Dee’s website at https://www.deecaffari.co.uk or see her Facebook page for more information. For Dee’s full account of the man overboard incident, see here. […]

  13. A valuable lesson to all of us. Fortunately ended up better than that for Jon Santarelli during the 2018 Chicago-Mackinac race (also not clipped in).

    Also, the MOB1 “passed the test.”

    I was intrigued by the comment, “primary winch round a winch handle as a turning sheave..” Do you mean that the sheet was not around the drum of the winch?


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